August 2004                                                                                          Index page

location : Lackawanna county,  PA,  a very rocky slope which is covered with different kinds of Lichen and a
stand of Spiranthes cernua. ( see the doublet on that page, in 2004 there are now at least 12 flowering spikes).
Most of the wildflowers on that hill are very much stunted.
These Lichen are Cladonia cristatella or British soldiers. They are the most colorful and so to be spotted most easily. The tiny clump below measures about one centimeter across.
I took this picture last year at the same location - and many many others